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Eugene Grebinka

Eugene Grebinka (21 Jan (2 Feb) 1812 – 3 (15) Dec 1848) – Ukrainian poet-fabulist and novelist.

Apollo Mokritsky. Portrait of E. P.…

Apollo Mokritsky. (1840).

He was born on a farm Ubizhysche (now – village Marianivka Grebinka district, Poltava region) in the family of a retired officer. In 1825 – 1831 years he studied at Nezhin high school, in 1831 – 1834 years was in the military. In 1834, taking retirement, he moved to St. Petersburg, which had involved in the Russian literary life. Here he lived almost continuously until the end of his short life. He died of tuberculosis and was buried in his home village.

His literary work started in the training at the school. It is clearly divided into two periods. The first period lasted until 1834, when it was written major works of Ukrainian language (fables, poetry, translation of Pushkin's poem "Poltava"). The result of this period was summed publication of the book "Little-russian proverbs" (SPb.: 1834).

In the second period (1834 – 1848) Grebinka turns into Russian and becomes fruitful, though not very prominent Russian writer. During this period strongly dominated prose, which is easy to see the strong influence of N. V. Gogol.

In Petersburg comb discovered another side of his abilities – the organizer of literary life and publisher. His literary salon met almost all St. Petersburg writers. In 1835 Grebinka met with Taras Shevchenko, helped redeem him from serfdom. In 1841 Grebinka published an almanac "Swallow" in which placed works almost all Ukrainian writers who were working at the time.

With a sufficiently large literary legacy of Grebinka deserved fame his Ukrainian fables.

Major editions of E. P. Grebinka's works:

Novels and stories by Eugene Grebinka. – SPb.: 1847 – 1848, vol. 1 – 8. [Initiated by the author, not finished.]

Works by E.P. Grebinka. Ed. N. V. Gerbel. – SPb.: 1862, vol. 1 – 5.

Full collection of works by E. P. Grebinka. In 10 vols. Ed. N.F. Mertz. – SPb.: 1902.

Grebinka E. P. Works in 5 vols. – Kyiv: Derzhlitvydav Ukraine, 1957.

Grebinka E. P. Works in 3 vols. – K.: "Naukova Dumka", 1980 – 1981.

N. Zh., October 25, 2014.