George L. Andruzsky (May 26, (7 June) 1827 – ? [After 1864]) – Ukrainian political thinker and poet.
George was born in village (now – Pyryatyn district, Poltava region.) in a family of small landowner Lev Vladimirovich Andruzsky and Anna Yakovlevna Andruzsky (from Yablonovskii). The bulk of our knowledge about him and his work comes from his in connection with the case Cyril and Methodius society, in particular, his of 1850.
The family had a lot of children – 4 sons and 6 daughters. George was the eldest son; in the 1839 – 1845 studied at the 1st Kiev Gymnasium, and since 1845 – in the Kiev university.
April 2, 1847 he was arrested in Kiev on returning from his native village. April 11, 1847 he was taken to St. Petersburg in the Third Division.
May 30, 1847 emperor approved the verdict Andruzsky: send to study to Kazan university, to give under strict supervision, after graduation forbid to live in Ukraine. In addition, he was forbidden to talk about the case in which he was convicted. However, the authorities have decided to bribe Andruzsky by giving for him once 200 rubles (while his own money was only 8 rubles!).
In December 1847 he was dismissed from the Kazan university due to ill health. The place of his service was determined Petrozavodsk (center Olonets province), the provincial government, but due to poor eyesight, he could not do anything.
March 19, 1850 Andruzsky was arrested for the second time. During the search, seized another draft constitution and many other his works. Emperor at April 5 ordered Andruzsky exiled to the Solovetsky Monastery on indefinite time, until further orders. To the monastery Andruzsky taken May 23, 1850, and there he stayed until October 1854, when it was ordered to transfer him to serve in Arkhangelsk. Liberation was a reward for Andruzsky’s part in the defense of the monastery from the attacks of the British ships (7 (20) in July 1854) on the Solovetsky monastery.
Only November 30, 1856 Tsar Alexander 2nd agreed to release Andruzsky from exile. He was allowed to serve in Poltava under police surveillance.
At the beginning of January 1864 in St. Petersburg was given permission to release Andruzsky from police surveillance… and thus ended our notes about him. We do not know how proceeded his further life, and where he died, we does not have and portraits G. L. Andruzsky.
The Russian authorities have systematically pursued vigorously Andruzsky for his continued love for Ukraine.
Creativity Andruzsky, as is evident from his biography, was divided into two periods: the first – 1846 – March 1847, until the first arrest; the second – from June 1847 (probably from 1849?) to March 1850, until the second arrest. There were preserved only those of his works, which were attached to investigating case, and they are published in full only in 1990.
Andruzsky serves primarily as a political thinker, the author of the constitutional project in the national spirit.
As a poet Andruzsky was the author of romantic poems in Ukrainian and Russian languages. It is believed that his poetry had influence Shevchenko, although there are no expressive traces.
Neither political nor poetic works Andruzsky has not yet been the subject of deep special studies.
Political works G. L. Andruzsky
[1st Period] (Ideal state)
[1st Period] Note on the Polish-Ukrainian relations. Preserved only about it.
Verses G. L. Andruzsky
[No later than August 28, 1846] (7 poems and a prose passage)
[September 1846?] "Tell me, father…" (a poem addressed to Taras Shevchenko)
[September 1846 – March 1847] (24 poems and one dramatic scene)
[1st Period] (22 poems)
[1st Period] (32 poems, but numbers 1 – 5 in the investigation file are lost, the first poem starts with the number 6)
[1st Period] (22 poems, a prose passage, a verse drama fragment, other works)
[1st Period] (poem)
Other works G. L. Andruzsky
[1st Period] (. . )
[ca. December 12, 1846]
December 12, 1846
[2nd Period] Diary, extracts, folk records, materials for the Russian-Ukrainian dictionary, named 28.03.1850 and the comments to it (not published)
N. Zh., June 29, 2016