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Science / Philosophy / Theory of closed system / 1. Concepts and dependences

Theory of closed system

1. Concepts and dependences

V. I. Melnikov

Before talking about the essence of the TCS and description of its concepts, we have to say few words about its peculiarities and the logical backgrounds of the working out.

As it was said before, the TCS is based on using the complex of connected general level concepts. It allows excluding the secondary facts that influence the state of the real objects and the processes between them, but at the same time to use the huge amount of the experimental materials that are the basis of these concepts.

On the other hand, this level allows revealing the general (applicable to the most of the investigated objects) main extreme fields and develop the fundamental key concepts that describe these fields. As the following experiments showed, these concepts are in the strict correlation with the row of the scientific-in-general and human concepts, that are, as it seems to be dealing with the completely different and not related fields of knowledge.

For example, what the problem of the time understanding and the concepts of health and happiness could have in common? The only question seems absurd or not serious. Or, what do the mathematical and chemical equations and the grammatical sentence have in common? It is the paradox as well. And the complete insane would be the question about existence of the same reasons of the law of conservation of energy and the methods of preservation of health. The serious scientist has to loose the interest to the following exposition after such a statement. The esoteric again… (or something of that kind). The readers who are more interested in mechanics could be puzzled with the problems of the more closed circle: could we make the one system and explain from the same positions the law of inertia, the laws of attraction and repulsion, the nature of gravitation and the cosmological red shift, the principle of relativity and the theory of the big bang? The statement of such a problem definitely will not rise the optimism of the real physicist, although many of physicists feel the relation of these questions.

The numbered questions, problems and relations could be partially decided and determined with the help of the TCS. The TCS could be, in any case, used as a multi-purpose methodological mean for their determination. Some of the variants of determination and some preliminary results of using the TCS are given below in the appropriate parts. How the made researches showed, the absence of the common methodology and appropriate conception was the main obstacle for the determination of these questions.

After such an intrigue or, possibly, compromise beginning we have to describe the conception that is the base of the TCS. In accordance with the task we had (the research of any objects) and the given conditions (the most possible level of community) we have found out, after analyses of the great amount of the common characteristics of objects, the only one real common characteristic – the ability to influence the other objects and so to change them. It is taken into account also the all possible forms of influence, including informational. The whole complex of the conceptions was worked out taking into consideration the obligatory demands.

The main of them are given below:

1. Interdependency and logical reserve (including the necessity and sufficiency of the concept complex).

2. The most possible level of community.

3. The quantity description.

4. Simplicity and distinctness of the matter and the borders of usage.

5. Undiscrepancy in this system of concepts.

6. Correspondence and undescrepancy woth the known facts, the experimental validity.

7. Simplicity to understanding and comfortable usage (explanations and researches).

8. Equality of any objects.

9. Usage of the maximum amount of known information.

1.1 The main notions of TCS

1.2. The basic theses and dependences

1.3. Some important practical consequences of TCS

1.4. Characteristics of TCS conceptions

1.5. On the general direction of systems’ change

1.6. Examples of the models and real closed systems

Summary

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